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A Virtual RLC Active Damping Method for LCL-Type Grid-Connected Inverters
Yiwen Geng, Yawen Qi, Pengfei Zheng, Fei Guo, Xiang Gao
Abstract Proportional capacitor?current?feedback active damping (AD) is a common damping method for the resonance of LCL-type grid-connected inverters. Proportional capacitor?current?feedback AD behaves as a virtual resistor in parallel with the capacitor. However, the existence of delay in the actual control system causes impedance in the virtual resistor. Impedance is manifested as negative resistance when the resonance frequency exceeds one-sixth of the sampling frequency (fs/6). As a result, the damping effect disappears. To extend the system damping region, this study proposes a virtual resistor?inductor?capacitor (RLC) AD method. The method is implemented by feeding the filter capacitor current passing through a band-pass filter, which functions as a virtual RLC in parallel with the filter capacitor to achieve positive resistance in a wide resonance frequency range. A combination of Nyquist theory and system close-loop pole-zero diagrams is used for damping parameter design to obtain optimal damping parameters. An experiment is performed with a 10 kW grid-connected inverter. The effectiveness of the proposed AD method and the systemí»s robustness against grid impedance variation are demonstrated.
Keyword LCL filter, active damping, system delay, virtual RLC, grid impedance
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